PERSPECTIVAS-CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO https://blog.iica.int/ es The World – and the Americas – Ramp up Climate Leadership including in Agriculture https://blog.iica.int/en/blog/world-and-americas-ramp-climate-leadership-including-agriculture <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The World – and the Americas – Ramp up Climate Leadership including in Agriculture</span> <div class="field field--name-field-autores field--type-entity-reference field--label-above field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Colaboradores</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/143" hreflang="zxx">Margaret M. Zeigler</a></div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/36" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jarias</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Lun, 03/05/2021 - 09:18</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p> </p> <p>Mobilizing the necessary political will to stop climate change requires determined and collaborative efforts.  With the current pandemic crisis, ingenuity and commitment will be required to fight climate change while simultaneously building back healthy communities.   </p> <p>The coming decade will be the most important on record if we are to reach the Paris Agreement goal of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2050 as well as to save lives and economies from Covid-19.   There is no time for hesitation or complacency on either front.</p> <p><strong>The <u><a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/04/23/leaders-summit-on-climate-summary-of-proceedings/" target="_blank" title="LSCC">Leader’s Summit on Climate</a></u>, held April 22 and 23</strong> virtually by President Biden, served as a call to action to sharpen the world’s attention on climate change and its devastating effects on our planet.  The summit convened over 40 heads of state and global leaders to ramp up climate leadership and to demonstrate robust U.S. participation in the Paris Agreement after its withdrawal in June 2017.  </p> <p>At the summit, the <strong>United States</strong> reaffirmed its commitment to reaching the <strong>goal of net zero carbon emissions by 2050</strong>. It also announced a <u><a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/04/22/fact-sheet-president-biden-sets-2030-greenhouse-gas-pollution-reduction-target-aimed-at-creating-good-paying-union-jobs-and-securing-u-s-leadership-on-clean-energy-technologies/" target="_blank" title="New target">new target</a></u> (Nationally Determined Contribution, NDC): <strong>to achieve a 50-52% reduction in net greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, just nine years from now</strong>. </p> <p><strong>The U.S. Congress is also stepping up</strong>.  Members of both political parties in the House and Senate are embracing the reality of climate change and are sensing the opportunity to harness new technologies to create jobs.  The U.S. Congress is now working “across the aisle” in a bipartisan fashion to advance and pass various pieces of legislation and funding for more clean energy, climate mitigation and adaptation efforts.  </p> <p>While much of the Leader’s Summit discussion targeted the energy and transportation sectors, which are the largest emitting sectors of greenhouse gas, <strong>President Biden mentioned the role agriculture</strong> and nature-based solutions must play in the fight against climate change.  </p> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="width:100.0%; border-collapse:collapse; border:none" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border-bottom:4px solid #4472c4; width:100%; padding:0in 7px 0in 7px; border-top:4px solid #4472c4; border-right:none; border-left:none" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:normal"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span style="font-size:15.0pt"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">“I see farmers deploying cutting-edge tools to make the soils of our heartland the next frontier in carbon innovation.”</span></span></span></i></span></span></span></p> <p align="center" style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:normal"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span style="font-size:15.0pt"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">President Joe Biden</span></span></span></i></span></span></span></p> <p align="center" style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:normal"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span style="font-size:15.0pt"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">Leader’s Summit on Climate</span></span></span></i></span></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> The Biden administration views the <u><a href="https://www.usda.gov/topics/climate-solutions" target="_blank" title="Ag and forestry sectors">agriculture and forestry sectors</a></u> as vital components of a holistic strategy to beat climate change. Presently, bipartisan bills in both the <u><a href="https://spanberger.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=3721" target="_blank" title="US house of representatives">U.S. House of Representatives </a></u>and the <u><a href="https://www.agriculture.senate.gov/newsroom/dem/press/release/in-case-you-missed-it-heres-what-theyre-saying-about-the-growing-climate-solutions-act" target="_blank" title="US Senate">U.S. Senate</a></u> are <strong>building momentum for farmers,</strong> ranchers and foresters <strong>to participate in carbon markets</strong> and <strong>to be rewarded</strong> for sequestering carbon through climate-smart practices. </p> <p><strong>Building a sustainable breadbasket in the Americas</strong></p> <p><strong>The Western Hemisphere</strong> has developed into a regional powerhouse of agriculture, food, biofuels and biodiversity.  With well over a third of the world’s fresh water and nearly half of the world’s medium to high potential farmland, the hemisphere supplies food, feed, fiber and energy for its own needs and exports these products through trade to the rest of the world.   The nations of the Western Hemisphere can develop advanced solutions as well as harness traditional knowledge and practices that will help <strong>mitigate climate change while creating jobs and supplying food sustainably</strong>. </p> <p>Summit attendees from the Americas and the Caribbean articulated new targets and innovative policies and programs through agriculture to achieve sustainable climate goals. </p> <p><strong>Canada</strong> is taking action to set a high price on carbon ($170 per ton) and reducing carbon emissions by 40 to 45% by 2030, as well as conserving 30% of Canada’s lands and oceans by 2030. <strong>Mexico</strong> is reducing emissions and has implemented <u><a href="https://www.gob.mx/bienestar/acciones-y-programas/programa-sembrando-vida" target="_blank" title="Sembrando vida">Sembrando Vida</a></u>, one of the world’s largest reforestation programs, in which Mexicans are paid for environmental services by planting fruit and timber trees. To date nearly 700 million trees have been planted with a goal of reaching 1 billion trees planted in the coming years, with potential for expansion to Central America. </p> <p>Colombia and Brazil<strong> </strong>have pledged to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050; <strong>Colombia</strong> will focus on clean energy technology and reforestation programs and has pledged to plant 180 million trees by 2022. With an important pledge to stop illegal deforestation by 2030, <strong>Brazil</strong> appealed for investments of up to $1 billion annually from the international community to implement this goal. Brazil also shared examples of how clean energy technology from biofuels and highly productive agriculture systems are providing food, feed and fuel more sustainably.</p> <p>At the summit, <strong>Argentina</strong> pledged to use more renewable energy, reduce methane from fuel and livestock production and, like Brazil, end illegal deforestation. Along with Argentina, <strong>Chile</strong> is proposing major initiatives to protect Antarctic marine waters which supply food for fish and sequester carbon in the Antarctic ocean and ice fields. </p> <figure role="group" class="caption caption-img"> <img alt="Lote de ganado" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="88c3e047-0149-4016-a4e1-1e82e0c9e158" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/SAM_1151.JPG" /> <figcaption><em>Herd of cattle in Tabasco, Mexico</em></figcaption> </figure> <p> </p> <p>And Caribbean nations such as <strong>Jamaica</strong>, <strong>Antigua and Barbuda</strong> shared their experiences as they face increasingly powerful hurricanes and their need for clean energy finance and capacity to adapt to a changing climate.  A possible solution could come from <u><a href="https://climateanalytics.org/media/debt_for_climate_swap_impact_briefing.pdf" target="_blank" title="debt credit swaps">debt for climate credit swaps </a></u>in which small island states are forgiven debt and instead invest those payments into clean energy programs or climate adaptation measures. </p> <p><strong>How can institutions support these efforts?</strong></p> <p><strong>Multilateral institutions and development agencies</strong> can help governments prepare and implement climate commitments in agriculture and forestry.  <strong>IICA </strong>works to promote such action and public policy for sustainable agriculture and <u><a href="https://elpais.com/planeta-futuro/2021-04-21/que-aporta-america-latina-y-caribe-en-la-cumbre-del-clima-para-preservar-el-planeta.html" target="_blank" title="climate adaptation and mitigation actions">help governments plan climate adaptation and mitigation actions </a></u>within the agriculture sectors of its member states. </p> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="width:100.0%; border-collapse:collapse; border:none" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border-bottom:4px solid #4472c4; width:100%; padding:0in 7px 0in 7px; border-top:4px solid #4472c4; border-right:none; border-left:none" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:normal"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span style="font-size:15.0pt"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">“President Biden's summit recognizes the capacity of Latin America and the Caribbean to sustain global food security. As a strategic and transformative activity in which the issues of mitigation and adaptation to climate change converge, agriculture fosters the creation of opportunities like no other.”</span></span></span></i></span></span></span></p> <p align="center" style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:normal"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span lang="ES" style="font-size:15.0pt" xml:lang="ES" xml:lang="ES"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">Manuel Otero, Director General, </span></span></span></i></span></span></span><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:normal"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span lang="ES" style="font-size:15.0pt" xml:lang="ES" xml:lang="ES"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">IICA</span></span></span></i></span></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>This is particularly crucial for Latin America in the <strong>beef sector</strong>, as the region produces more beef than any region and must reduce its carbon impact. In addition to being a member of the <u><a href="https://grsbeef.org/" target="_blank" title="Sustainable Beef">Global Roundtable for Sustainable Beef</a></u>, IICA co-facilitates the technical secretariat for <strong>the national level roundtables</strong> that promote sustainable livestock in <strong>Argentina</strong> and <strong>Mexico</strong>, as well as participating in and supporting similar convening mechanisms in other countries, including <strong>Uruguay </strong>and <strong>Colombia</strong>.  </p> <p><strong>IICA</strong> is helping <strong>Mexico’s livestock sector</strong> make progress towards its national climate goals.  IICA partners with the Mexican government’s Secretariat of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources, as well as livestock producers´ organizations and the financial sector to <strong>develop a livestock policy and plan of action </strong>(Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action, or NAMA).  By implementing this plan, thousands of livestock farms will reduce emissions while simultaneously increasing profit, competitiveness and productivity.   </p> <figure role="group" class="caption caption-img"> <img alt="Mexico" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="1d378623-7124-4ebe-9842-15668d525438" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/IMG_3807.JPG" /> <figcaption><em>Meeting of the Mexican Roundtable on Sustainable Livestock</em></figcaption> </figure> <p> </p> <p><strong>Farmers and agribusiness join the effort</strong></p> <p>Farmer associations and private-sector industry must also be key partners in the region’s climate and food solutions. </p> <p>Climate change has become a leading risk factor for producers and industries along the agricultural value chain. With unpredictable conditions, current business models may become irrelevant, leading to greater market uncertainty. Yet, the need for <strong>climate adaptation and mitigation also provides businesses with a new range of opportunities</strong>. </p> <p>As the impacts of climate change unfold, more farmers will need crops that have greater tolerance to heat, drought and require less water. Farmer-led private companies such as <u><a href="https://investors.biocerescrops.com/home/default.aspx?gclid=Cj0KCQjwsqmEBhDiARIsANV8H3b0vEObcSs367NKDbXT1FyVEbzPvxrqHJ8rr2-cn3EZfCjFfhyhwoMaApOWEALw_wcB" target="_blank" title="Bioceres">Bioceres Crop Solutions</a></u> in <strong>Argentina</strong> are supplying these demands for climate-smart and drought-tolerant soy and wheat. </p> <p><strong>Livestock farmers</strong> will need genetically improved breeds and new products such as protease enzymes and <u><a href="https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/03/feeding-cows-seaweed-can-fight-methane-climate-change/" target="_blank" title="suppements">supplements</a></u> that reduce livestock emissions and help manage manure. Innovative agricultural mechanization and precision systems — such as those used by <u><a href="https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-46409-7_30" target="_blank" title="no-till farmers">no-till farmers</a></u> in <strong>Argentina </strong>(including those from <u><a href="https://www.aapresid.org.ar/" target="_blank" title="Aapresid">Aapresid</a>)</u>, <strong>Brazil</strong>, <strong>Paraguay</strong> and <strong>Uruguay</strong> — will conserve soil, and sequester carbon, and possibly provide farmers with carbon offset revenue.  </p> <p>Restoring degraded <strong>soils</strong> in the Americas will help sequester carbon while stabilizing rural food producers.  <u><a href="https://iica.int/en/press/news/rattan-lal-and-iica-launch-living-soils-americas-initiative" target="_blank" title="Living Soils of the Americas">The Living Soils of the Americas</a></u> initiative, launched by <strong>IICA and Professor Rattan Lal</strong>, Director of the Carbon Management and Sequestration Center (CMASC) of The Ohio State University, supports soil health in the region and reverses the degradation that harms family farmers. <u><a href="https://www.cropscience.bayer.com/people-planet/climate-change" target="_blank" title="Bayer Crop Science">Bayer Crop Science</a></u> is the first strategic private-sector partner in this initiative. </p> <p>With innovation, investment and science-based management, the Western Hemisphere can harness the momentum of the Leader’s Summit on Climate and become a productive, sustainable breadbasket for the world. </p> <figure role="group" class="caption caption-img"> <img alt="Farmers planning" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="c544c91b-21f6-4846-8300-f4bde32b6972" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/SAM_0459.JPG" /> <figcaption><em>Farmers working to take climate action in Tabasco</em><br />  </figcaption> </figure> <p><img alt="Margaret M. Zeigler" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="4a9bf150-f05f-4360-93f3-c8856a2cc58d" height="135" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Margaret-Zeigler.jpg" width="135" class="align-left" /><em><strong>Dr. Margaret Zeigler</strong> is a thought leader and spokesperson in the agriculture, scientific research, trade and international development and food security arena. She has worked for 25 years as executive director and senior manager in organizations focused on public policy, public affairs, communications and stakeholder engagement with a goal of ending hunger and advancing sustainable agriculture. She recently lived for 9 months in Colombia, Peru and Argentina where she explored the interface between agriculture, biodiversity, sustainability and farm productivity. She holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in Geography and International Development and can be reached at @Harvest2050_MZ</em></p> <p> </p> <p><em><strong>Note: The opinions expressed in this article are the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of IICA.</strong></em></p> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="border-collapse:collapse; border:none"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border-bottom:1px solid black; width:589px; padding:0in 7px 0in 7px; border-top:1px solid black; border-right:1px solid black; border-left:1px solid black" valign="top"> <p style="text-align:justify"><span style="font-size:12pt"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><strong><i><span style="font-weight:normal">If you have questions or suggestions for improving the BlogIICA, please write to the editors:</span></i></strong><strong><i> </i></strong><a href="mailto:joaquin.arias@iica.int" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline"><i>Joaquín Arias</i></a><strong><i> </i></strong><strong><i><span style="font-weight:normal">and </span></i></strong><a href="mailto:viviana.palmieri@iica.int" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline"><i>Viviana Palmieri.</i></a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Blog tags</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/tags/perspectivas-cambio-climatico" hreflang="es">PERSPECTIVAS-CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/tags/perspectivas-sistemas-alimentarios" hreflang="es">PERSPECTIVAS-Sistemas Alimentarios</a></div> </div> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-blog-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> <h2 class="title comment-form__title">Añadir nuevo comentario</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=125&amp;2=field_blog_comments&amp;3=comment" token="cRrhzOuAS-soPkBN_KoNdl8U0EkCwaHsZl41EHgwUDU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Fri, 30 Apr 2021 20:58:59 +0000 jarias 125 at https://blog.iica.int Qué aporta América Latina y Caribe en la Cumbre del Clima para preservar el planeta https://blog.iica.int/blog/que-aporta-america-latina-caribe-en-cumbre-del-clima-para-preservar-planeta <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Qué aporta América Latina y Caribe en la Cumbre del Clima para preservar el planeta</span> <div class="field field--name-field-autores field--type-entity-reference field--label-above field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Colaboradores</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="zxx">Manuel Otero, Director General del IICA</a></div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/36" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jarias</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Jue, 22/04/2021 - 15:11</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><table class="TableGrid2" style="width:100.0%; border-collapse:collapse; border:none" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border-bottom:4px solid #4472c4; width:100%; padding:0in 7px 0in 7px; border-top:4px solid #4472c4; border-right:none; border-left:none" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size:12pt"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><i><span lang="ES" style="font-size:15.0pt" xml:lang="ES" xml:lang="ES"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#3070b6">La agricultura propicia como ninguna otra la creación de oportunidades en ámbitos como la mitigación y adaptación al cambio climático, así que no perdamos de vista a la región latinoamericana, que alberga la mitad de la biodiversidad del mundo y cuyo sector agropecuario representa el 5% de su PIB.</span></span></span></i></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <figure role="group" class="caption caption-img"> <img alt="mujer " data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="4318ee61-d844-4ebe-be9e-278544499503" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/mujer%20puesto%20de%20verduras.jpg" /> <figcaption><em>Una mujer atiende su puesto de verduras en un mercado de Ciudad de Guatemala.MARIA FLEISCHMANN / WORLD BANK / MARIA FLEISCHMANN / WORLD BANK</em></figcaption> </figure> <p> </p> <p>Cinco líderes latinoamericanos participarán en la <u><a href="https://elpais.com/sociedad/2020-12-12/biden-se-ofrece-para-auspiciar-una-cumbre-sobre-el-clima-a-mediados-de-2021.html" target="_blank" title="Cumbre SA">Cumbre sobre el Clima que tendrá lugar el 22 y 23 de abril,</a></u> invitados por el presidente de Estados Unidos, Joe Biden, junto a otros 35 gobernantes. La esperada presencia de los presidentes de Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia y México en la cita global constituye un reconocimiento a la importancia de esas cinco grandes potencias agroalimentarias y a su papel estratégico en el combate al cambio climático a través de acciones vinculadas al refuerzo de la seguridad alimentaria junto a un uso racional de los recursos naturales y la preservación de la salud de los suelos y la biodiversidad, entre otros desafíos.</p> <p>La participación activa de nuestros países en la mesa que busca una ambición climática más fuerte –a la que pronto se sumarán otras naciones de la región con liderazgo climático, impronta innovadora o vulnerabilidad exacerbada, además de líderes empresariales y de la sociedad civil–, abre una enorme oportunidad para dejar de lado estrategias basadas en modelos tradicionales, construyendo una relación simbiótica entre agricultura y medio ambiente.</p> <p>Eso significa, junto a la promoción de un sector agropecuario sostenible, resiliente al clima y bajo en carbono, la gran posibilidad de promover una industrialización inteligente de nuestras sociedades a partir del uso de recursos biológicos, reduciendo desperdicios de modo eficiente en cada etapa de los ciclos productivos y convirtiendo a los territorios rurales en grandes fábricas verdes, de alimentos cada vez más sanos y nutritivos, bioenergías, biomateriales y probióticos.</p> <p>La convocatoria del presidente Biden reconoce también la capacidad de América Latina y el Caribe para sustentar la seguridad alimentaria global, papel construido a partir de una gran dotación de recursos naturales y de capacidades posibles de ser perfeccionadas mediante la incorporación plena a la faz productiva de las dimensiones social, ambiental y tecnológica.</p> <p>En la región que alberga el 46% del agua dulce y el 50% de la biodiversidad del planeta, el sector agropecuario provee 14% de los empleos totales, representa el 5% del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), constituyendo al mismo tiempo la región exportadora de alimentos más importante del mundo. Es, por lo tanto, uno de los que da peso específico a las naciones latinoamericanas en el tablero global, y también una palanca esencial para el desarrollo dada su interacción creciente con la nueva frontera del conocimiento.</p> <p>Esa multiplicidad de funciones, todas ellas vitales para el planeta, está amenazada por el cambio climático, dado el nexo de la agricultura con los ecosistemas y los recursos naturales, que enfrentan altos niveles de degradación. Ejemplos vívidos de la exposición a una mayor frecuencia a los eventos climáticos extremos son los casos del <u><a href="https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/07/09/planeta_futuro/1531147560_254616.html" target="_blank" title="corredor seco">Corredor Seco Centroamericano</a></u>, los países del Caribe Oriental y Haití.</p> <p>Visible en los incrementos de las temperaturas, los crecientes desafíos hídricos, las sequías y las inundaciones, las tormentas y la salinización de suelos, la aceleración del cambio climático afecta la producción y los medios de vida de millones de agricultores y agricultoras de la región, que <a href="https://elpais.com/sociedad/2019/12/03/actualidad/1575399365_095982.html" target="_blank" title="migrantes">se transforman en migrantes climáticos</a>.</p> <p>En ese escenario, es preciso reconocer que el sector agropecuario –como cualquier actividad generadora de bienes y servicios– <u><a href="https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/11/15/planeta_futuro/1510746923_664876.html" target="_blank" title="AG CC resp">tiene su grado de responsabilidad </a></u>en la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero.</p> <p>Desde una perspectiva histórica, sin embargo, la agricultura está en proceso de transición y su responsabilidad en la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero se ha visto reducida. En esa transición inciden con fuerza la siembra directa, la integración agricultura-cultivo forestal, la recuperación de pasturas degradadas y los avances en biotecnología, entre otras acciones que mitigan el impacto climático del sector.</p> <p>Requerimos para ello diseños institucionales adecuados, el fortalecimiento de los sistemas nacionales de ciencia y tecnología y su interconexión con los regionales y hemisféricos, una nueva generación de políticas públicas, una cooperación técnica moderna y la facilitación en el acceso a tecnologías digitales, de modo de que nuestros agricultores –guardianes de la biodiversidad y los que verdaderamente garantizan la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional– tengan rendimientos crecientes y mejores ingresos, rompiendo círculos viciosos de exclusión, pobreza y migración.</p> <p>Como actividad estratégica y transformadora en la que convergen los temas de mitigación y adaptación al cambio climático, la agricultura propicia como ninguna otra la creación de oportunidades. Y es como siempre, y aún más en esta hora dramática, parte de la solución a los problemas que nos aquejan.</p> <p><img alt="Manuel Otero, Director General" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="5cc44347-702f-441a-a704-750c5612fe43" height="140" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/manuel_otero_2.jpg" width="126" class="align-left" /></p> <p> </p> <p><em><strong>Manuel Otero</strong>, Director General del Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA)</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Nota de los editores: </strong>Este artículo primero salió publicado el 21 de abril en El País de España.</p> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="border-collapse:collapse; border:none"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border-bottom:1px solid black; width:589px; padding:0in 7px 0in 7px; border-top:1px solid black; border-right:1px solid black; border-left:1px solid black" valign="top"> <p style="text-align:justify"><span style="font-size:12pt"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><strong><i><span lang="es-419" style="font-weight:normal" xml:lang="es-419" xml:lang="es-419">Si tiene preguntas o sugerencias de mejora del BlogIICA favor contactar a los editores: </span></i></strong><a href="mailto:joaquin.arias@iica.int" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline"><i>Joaquín Arias</i></a><strong><i><span style="font-weight:normal"> y </span></i></strong><a href="mailto:viviana.palmieri@iica.int" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline"><i>Viviana Palmieri.</i></a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-above field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Blog tags</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/tags/perspectivas-sistemas-alimentarios" hreflang="es">PERSPECTIVAS-Sistemas Alimentarios</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/tags/perspectivas-cambio-climatico" hreflang="es">PERSPECTIVAS-CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO</a></div> </div> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-blog-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> <h2 class="title comment-form__title">Añadir nuevo comentario</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=123&amp;2=field_blog_comments&amp;3=comment" token="R1_KFGaAk4haOhZVK0K0Gh40qtrakF7iaSHujo-Og54"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Thu, 22 Apr 2021 21:11:37 +0000 jarias 123 at https://blog.iica.int